[personal profile] mme_n_b
Rough and Ready, California, was a mining town founded in 1849 by the Rough and Ready Company of Wisconsin. As the town’s population rapidly exploded to 3,000, lawlessness was on the rise—and the U.S. government was not much help squelching the rampant crime. Additionally, a new federal tax on mining operations added fuel to the region’s civil unrest. Seeing little support from Washington, on April 7, 1850, the townspeople voted to secede from the Union.

But just three months later, as the Fourth of July approached, The Great Republic of Rough and Ready wanted to have a celebration (which seems odd considering they were no longer, technically, Americans). When nearby Nevada City wouldn’t sell liquor to “foreign miners,” it was decided that maybe America wasn’t so bad after all. The townspeople voted themselves back into the Union on the very same day and the party went off as planned.
http://www.mentalfloss.com/blogs/archives/19276

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